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What They say About Quran

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Post What They say About Quran   Thu Sep 09, 2010 6:27 pm

Humanity has received the Divine guidance through two channels:

firstly the word of Allah, secondly the Prophets who were chosen by Allah

to communicate His will to human beings. These two things have always been

going together and attempts to know the will of Allah by neglecting either

of these two have always been misleading. The Hindus neglected their

prophets and paid all attention to their books that proved only word

puzzles which they ultimately lost. Similarly, the Christians, in total

disregard to the Book of Allah, attached all importance to Christ and thus

not only elevated him to Divinity, but also lost the very essence of

TAWHEED (monotheism) contained in the Bible.

As a matter of fact the main scriptures revealed before the Qur'an,

i.e., the Old Testament and the Gospel, came into book-form long after the

days of the Prophets and that too in translation. This was because the

followers of Moses and Jesus made no considerable effort to preserve these

Revelations during the life of their Prophets. Rather they were written

long after their death. Thus what we now have in the form of the Bible

(The Old as well as the New Testament) is translations of individuals'

accounts of the original revelations which contain additions and deletions

made by the followers of the said Prophets. On the contrary, the last

revealed Book, the Qur'an, is extant in its original form. Allah Himself

guaranteed its preservation and that is why the whole of the Qur'an was

written during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself though

on separate pieces of palm leaves, parchments, bones, etc...

Moreover, there were tens of thousands of companions of the Prophet who

memorized the whole Qur'an and the Prophet himself used to recite to the

Angel Gabriel once a year and twice when he was about to die. The first

Caliph Abu Bakr entrusted the collection of the whole Qur'an in one volume

to the Prophet's scribe, Zaid Ibn Thabit. This volume was with Abu Bakr

till his death. Then it was with the second Caliph Umar and after him it

came to Hafsa, the Prophet's wife. It was from this original copy that the

third Caliph Uthman prepared several other copies and sent them to

different Muslim territories. The Qur'an was so meticulously preserved

because it was to be the Book of guidance for humanity for all times to

come. That is why it does not address the Arabs alone in whose language it

was revealed. It speaks to man as a human being:

"O Man! What has seduced you from your Lord." The practicability of the

Qur'anic teachings is established by the examples of Muhammad (PBUH) and

the good Muslims throughout the ages. The distinctive approach of the

Qur'an is that its instructions are aimed at the general welfare of man

and are based on the possibilities within his reach. In all its dimensions

the Qur'anic wisdom is conclusive. It neither condemns nor tortures the

flesh nor does it neglect the soul. It does not humanize God nor does it

deify man. Everything is carefully placed where it belongs in the total

scheme of creation.

Actually the scholars who allege that Muhammad (PBUH) was the author of

the Qur'an claim something which is humanly impossible. Could any person

of the sixth century C.E. utter such scientific truths as the Qur'an

contains? Could he describe the evolution of the embryo inside the uterus

so accurately as we find it in modern science?

Secondly, is it logical to believe that Muhammad (PBUH), who up to the

age of forty was marked only for his honesty and integrity, began all of a

sudden the authorship of a book matchless in literary merit and the

equivalent of which the whole legion of the Arab poets and orators of

highest calibre could not produce? And lastly, is it justified to say that

Muhammad (PBUH) who was known as AL-AMEEN (The Trustworthy) in his society

and who is still admired by the non-Muslim scholars for his honesty and

integrity, came forth with a false claim and on that falsehood could train

thousands of men of character, integrity and honesty, who were able to

establish the best human society on the surface of the earth?

Surely, any sincere and unbiased searcher of truth will come to believe

that the Qur'an is the revealed Book of Allah.

Without necessarily agreeing with all that they said, we furnish here

some opinions of important non-Muslim scholars about the Qur'an. Readers

can easily see how the modern world is coming closer to reality regarding

the Qur'an. We appeal to all open-minded scholars to study the Qur'an in

the light of the aforementioned points. We are sure that any such attempt

will convince the reader that the Qur'an could never be written by any

human being.

"However often we turn to it [the Qur'an] at first disgusting us each

time afresh, it soon attracts, astounds, and in the end enforces our

reverence... Its style, in accordance with its contents and aim is stern,

grand, terrible - ever and anon truly sublime -- Thus this book will go on

exercising through all ages a most potent influence."

Goethe, quoted in T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, p. 526.

"The Koran admittedly occupies an important position among the great

religious books of the world. Though the youngest of the epoch-making

works belonging to this class of literature, it yields to hardly any in

the wonderful effect which it has produced on large masses of men. It has

created an all but new phase of human thought and a fresh type of

character. It first transformed a number of heterogeneous desert tribes of

the Arabian peninsula into a nation of heroes, and then proceeded to

create the vast politico-religious organizations of the Muhammadan world

which are one of the great forces with which Europe and the East have to

reckon today."

G. Margoliouth, Introduction to J.M. Rodwell's, THE KORAN, New York:

Everyman's Library, 1977, p. vii.

"A work, then, which calls forth so powerful and seemingly incompatible

emotions even in the distant reader - distant as to time, and still more

so as a mental development - a work which not only conquers the repugnance

which he may begin its perusal, but changes this adverse feeling into

astonishment and admiration, such a work must be a wonderful production of

the human mind indeed and a problem of the highest interest to every

thoughtful observer of the destinies of mankind."

Dr. Steingass, quoted in T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, pp. 526-527.



"The above observation makes the hypothesis advanced by those who see

Muhammad as the author of the Qur'an untenable. How could a man, from

being illiterate, become the most important author, in terms of literary

merits, in the whole of Arabic literature? How could he then pronounce

truths of a scientific nature that no other human being could possibly

have developed at that time, and all this without once making the

slightest error in his pronouncement on the subject?"

Maurice Bucaille, THE BIBLE, THE QUR'AN AND SCIENCE, 1978, p. 125.

"Here, therefore, its merits as a literary production should perhaps

not be measured by some preconceived maxims of subjective and aesthetic

taste, but by the effects which it produced in Muhammad's contemporaries

and fellow countrymen. If it spoke so powerfully and convincingly to the

hearts of his hearers as to weld hitherto centrifugal and antagonistic

elements into one compact and well-organized body, animated by ideas far

beyond those which had until now ruled the Arabian mind, then its

eloquence was perfect, simply because it created a civilized nation out of

savage tribes, and shot a fresh woof into the old warp of history."

Dr. Steingass, quoted in T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, p.528.

"In making the present attempt to improve on the performance of my

predecessors, and to produce something which might be accepted as echoing

however faintly the sublime rhetoric of the Arabic Koran, I have been at

pains to study the intricate and richly varied rhythms which - apart from

the message itself - constitute the Koran's undeniable claim to rank

amongst the greatest literary masterpieces of mankind... This very

characteristic feature - 'that inimitable symphony,' as the believing

Pickthall described his Holy Book, 'the very sounds of which move men to

tears and ecstasy' - has been almost totally ignored by previous

translators; it is therefore not surprising that what they have wrought

sounds dull and flat indeed in comparison with the splendidly decorated

original."

Arthur J. Arberry, THE KORAN INTERPRETED, London: Oxford University

Press, 1964, p. x.

"A totally objective examination of it [the Qur'an] in the light of

modern knowledge, leads us to recognize the agreement between the two, as

has been already noted on repeated occasions. It makes us deem it quite

unthinkable for a man of Muhammad's time to have been the author of such

statements on account of the state of knowledge in his day. Such

considerations are part of what gives the Qur'anic Revelation its unique

place, and forces the impartial scientist to admit his inability to

provide an explanation which calls solely upon materialistic reasoning."



Maurice Bucaille, THE QUR'AN AND MODERN SCIENCE, 1981, p. 18
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