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Islam - A Brief Introduction

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Post Islam - A Brief Introduction   Thu Sep 09, 2010 6:36 pm

ALLAH

- for Muslims the greatest and most inclusive of the Names of God, an Arabic word of rich

and varied meaning, denoting the one who is adored in worship, who creates all that

exists, who had priority over all creation, who is lofty and hidden, who confounds all

human understanding. It is exactly the same word that the Jews, in Hebrew, use for God (eloh),

the word which Jesus Christ used in Aramaic when he prayed to God. God has an

identical name in Judaism, Christianity and Islam; Allah is the same God worshipped by

Muslims, Christians and Jews.



"He is God, the One God

Independent and sought by all; He begets not, nor is begotten, and there is none like unto

Him" (The Holy Qur 'an - Chapter 112 - Al-Ikhlas- Sincerity of Faith)



Islamteaches that all faiths have, in essence, one common message:

the existence of a Supreme Being, the one and only God, whose

Sovereignty is to be acknowledged in worship and in the pledge to obey His teaching and

commandments, conveyed through His messengers and prophets who were sent at various times

and in many places throughout history.



Islam,

An Arabic word, rich in meaning. One important dimension is the "commitment to

submit and surrender to God so that one can live in peace"; Peace (Salam) is achieved

through active obedience to the revealed Commandments of God, for God is the Source of all

Peace. Commitment to Islam entails striving for peace through a struggle for

justice, equality of opportunity, mutual caring and consideration for the rights of

others, and continuous research and acquisition of knowledge for the better protection and

utilization of the resources of Creation.



Islamteaches that the objective of the Commandment of God is that peace should be

established in the human societies of this world, in preparation for a further dimension

of human existence in the world to come, the Afterlife. Islam's vision of peace is

therefore truly universal;it transcends time and belongs to the order of God's

eternity.



Islamdoes not regard itself to be a new teaching, different or separate from that of other

world religions. It is the reaffirmation of the ancient yet living truth of all religions,

which can be expressed in the following beliefs:






The Uniqueness of the one and only God who is Sovereign of the

universe;






The Revelation of the teaching and commandments of God through

Angels in heaven to Prophets on earth, and written in sacred writings which all have the

same transcendent source; these contain the will of God which marks the way of peace for

the whole universe and all of humankind;






The Day of Judgment which inaugurates the after-life, in which God

rewards and punishes with respect to human obedience and disobedience to His will.




Islamaffirms these

simple beliefs as the basis for the decent, civilized society towards which it strives.

Its vision of society is; in essence, no different from that upheld by all monotheistic

religions. This is particularly true of Judaism and Christianity, which share with Islam

the direct spiritual lineage of the Prophet Abraham. Islam affirms the divinely

ordained missions of the Prophet Moses, through whom God revealed the sacred scripture

called the Torah, and of the Prophet Jesus, through whom God revealed the scripture known

as the Gospel. The message of Islam is inessence the same as that which God

revealed to all His prophets and messengers. The Prophet Muhammad (the peace and blessing

of God be upon him) was commanded to recite in the Holy Qur'an:




"Say, we believe in God, and that which was revealed unto

us, and that which was revealed unto Abraham and lshmael and Isaac and Jacob, and the

tribes, and that which was vouchsafed unto Moses and Jesus and the prophets from their

Lord; We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered"

(The Holy Qur 'an 3.84)




The success of civilizations and cultures is directly related to the

extent of their practice of the righteous way of life revealed in the teaching and

commandments of God, and set forth in the monotheistic religions which are confirmed by Islam.

God's revelation enshrines the highest values of humankind, and the divine

commandments are essentially no different from the values which human beings have

cherished and striven to maintain throughout history, regardless of cultural, racial,

linguistic and socioeconomic differences. Success in this life is directly related to the

practice of these values.




The irreducible minimum of faith is

to believe in God as the solesovereign Lord of this world and the next, and tobelieve

in the reality of the Afterlife for which human beings are to prepare by living

righteously in this world. God Alone is the Judge of human righteousness, and it is God

Alone whorewards and punishes in this life and in the life hereafter.




Righteousness does not mean for

you to turn your faces towards the East and towards the West, but righteousness means
one should believe in God (Alone), the Last Day, the

angels, the Book and the prophets; and no matter how he loves it, to give his wealth away

to near relatives, orphans, the needy, the wayfarer and the beggars, and toward the

freeing of captives, and to keep up prayer and pay the welfare tax, and those who keep

their word whenever they promise anything; and are patient under strain and hardship and

in time of peril Those are the ones who act royally and perform their duty. (The Holy Qur

'an 2:177)



A Muslim is one who is

committed to peace continuously striving to follow the way of righteousness and justice

revealed by God; the Arabic word muslim refers to a man, muslima to a woman. In either

case the literal meaning is "one who submits to God's teachings and commandments,

which leads to peace."



Muslimshave three distinct advantages to help them in the practice of Islam as their

way of life:




1. The Sacred Scripture called the Qur'an, which wasrevealed

to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the 7th century of the Common Era, and

which, after 1400 years, remains authentic in its original Arabic text, in the language

which is still used and understood by millions of people throughout the world today; it

contains God's guidance in teachings and commandments which are valid for all times and

all places, and which encompass all spheres of human life.




2. The Prophet Muhammad, whom the Qur'an names as "the Seal

(last) of the Prophets", and of whose life and mission there is a complete and

authentic record in the Sira and the Hadith. These show how he exemplified

the teachings and commandments of God in practice, and elaborated the principles laid down

in the Qur'an in order to provide a sure guidance for their interpretation and application

for all later times and societies.




3. The Sacred Law, called the Shari'ah, which sets out

the way of worship prescribed in the Qur’an and the Prophet's practice; it goes

beyond the common understanding of worship as the performance of religious rituals, and

encompasses the whole of human life, individual as well as social. Thus all so-called

secular activities become acts of worship, provided they are performed with pure and

righteous intention, seeking God's pleasure.




Muslimsare enjoined to organize their lives on the

basis of a series of ritual acts of worship which are ordained in the Qur'an as ways which

discipline human beings to remember God constantly, accepting his Sovereignty and pledging

to obey Hiscommandments:




1.Declaration of belief (Shahada):this is the

initial act of faith, expressed in a simple statement which testifies to one's commitment

to following the straight path of God's guidance upon which Muslims seek to live their

lives;




"I bear witness that there its no god but God; I bear

witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Prophet. "




2.Prayer (Salat), offered five times a day,

has the effect of reminding the faithful that "remembrance of God is indeed the

greatest virtue", and helps them adhere to the path of righteousness, and to restrain

from indecency and evil.




3.Fasting (Sawm), observed through the

daylight hours of the 29/30 days of the Islamic month of Ramadan, involves abstinence from

eating, drinking, smoking and marital intercourse; this reminds the believers of their

dependence upon God, as well as their kinship with, and responsibility for the millions of

human beings in the world who experience involuntary fasting because of lack of food, or

its unjust distribution.




4. Purification of wealth (Zakat); this requires the

annual giving of a fixed amount of excess personal assets for the benefit of the poor, the

incapacitated, the deprived, and the welfare of the community; it serves to remind Muslims

that all beneficence comes from the bounty of God, and is enjoyed only through His mercy;

sharing becomes an act of purification both of the wealth itself, and of the giver whose

soul is disciplined against greed by the practice of selflessness.




5. Pilgrimage (Hajj), which

all Muslims should perform at least once in a lifetime, if personal circumstances permit;

it gathers the believers as members of the diverse human family into a single community.

They perform prescribed acts of worship at the Holy House of the Ka’ba in

Makkah (Mecca) which, according to the Qur'an, was originally built by the prophet Abraham

and his son Ishmael; and at Mount Arafat, where they remember the pure and original way of

life of Adam, the progenitorof thehuman race, reaffirmed by the Patriarch

of the entire human family, the Prophet Abraham, and finally perfected and completed by

God for all humanity through the mission of the Prophet Muhammad - the way of life known

as Islam which has at its heart the doctrine of the unity and uniqueness of the One

God.




Eachof these prescribed acts of worship brings Muslims daily andrepeatedlybefore God Almighty as the Creator, Sustainer and Judge of all humanity.



Through these acts of worship, God helps Muslims to fulfill the

obligation of striving which he has ordained for this life; the striving actively and

freely to surrender one's ownwill in obedience to the Will of God, inwardly in

intention and outwardly in word and deed; individually in personal conduct and

collectively in the improvement of society; the striving for peace in the world through

the proclamationof true faith, and its defense against all that threatens it.






Islampresents human beings with a simple two-fold

invitation:




to witness that there is no God but God Almighty;




to witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.




This declaration is the door to a life of service. One of

participation in a community of believers whose highest duty is to call on humanity to

embrace what is righteous and good and toreject what is evil and degrading.

Muslims
are brothersand sisters of all people of good faith, andwish

tostrive with them for peace in this world
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